wrapfig.sty 25.6 KB
Newer Older
Tilman Steinweg's avatar
Tilman Steinweg committed
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598
%  W R A P F I G . S T Y    ver 3.6  (Jan 31, 2003)
%
%  Copyright (C) 1991-2003   by Donald Arseneau   <asnd@triumf.ca>
%  This software is released under the terms of the LaTeX Project 
%  public license.
%
%  Environments "wrapfigure" and "wraptable" place a figure or table
%  at the side of the page and wrap text around it.
%
%  \begin{wrapfigure}[12]{r}[34pt]{5cm} <figure> \end{wrapfigure}
%                     --  -  ----  ---
%  [number of narrow lines] {placement} [overhang] {width of figure}
%
%  Placement is one of   r, l, i, o, R, L, I, O,  for right, left,
%  inside, outside, (here / FLOAT).
%  The figure sticks into the margin by `overhang', if given, or by the
%  length \wrapoverhang, which is normally zero.
%  The number of wrapped text lines is normally calculated from the height
%  of the figure, but may be specified manually ("12" above).
% 
%  Environments similar to "wrapfigure" and "wraptable" may be easily added,
%  or invoked by "\begin{wrapfloat}{float_name}"
%
%  More detailed instructions are given below, following the definitions.
%  Please direct any problem reports to asnd@triumf.ca

%%%%%  ----- Begin definitions ----- %%%%%

\@ifundefined{c@WF@wrappedlines}{}{\endinput}

\newdimen\wrapoverhang \wrapoverhang\z@
\newdimen\WF@size
\newcount\c@WF@wrappedlines % used globally
\newbox\WF@box
\newtoks\WF@everypar
\newif\ifWF@float
\let\@@parshape\parshape
\let\WF@@everypar\everypar

\def\wrapfloat#1{\def\@captype{#1}\@ifnextchar[\WF@wr{\WF@wr[]}}

\def\wrapfigure{\wrapfloat{figure}}
\def\wraptable{\wrapfloat{table}}

\def\WF@wr[#1]#2{% first two args: #1=num lines, #2=placement
  \xdef\WF@wfname{wrap\@captype\space}%
  \ifvoid\WF@box\else \WFclear \WF@collision \fi
  \xdef\WF@place{\string`\@car#2r\@nil}%
  \ifnum\lccode\WF@place=\WF@place \global\WF@floatfalse
    \else \global\WF@floattrue \fi
  \ifx\parshape\WF@fudgeparshape \ifWF@float\else\WF@collision\fi \else
   \ifx\par\@@par \ifnum\@@parshape>\z@\WF@conflict\fi \else \WF@conflict\fi
  \fi \gdef\WF@wli{#1}%
  \@ifnextchar[\WF@rapt{\WF@rapt[\wrapoverhang]}}

\def\WF@rapt[#1]#2{% final two args: #1 = overhang,  #2 = width,
  \gdef\WF@ovh{#1}% hold overhang for later, when \width is known
  \global\setbox\WF@box\vtop\bgroup \setlength\hsize{#2}%
  \ifdim\hsize>\z@ \@parboxrestore \else 
  \setbox\z@\hbox\bgroup \let\wf@@caption\caption \let\caption\wf@caption 
  \ignorespaces \fi}

\def\wf@caption{\relax
  \ifdim\hsize>\z@ \let\caption\wf@@caption \else
  \unskip \egroup \hsize\wd\z@ \@parboxrestore \box\z@ \fi \caption}

\def\endwrapfloat{%
  \ifdim\hsize>\z@ \par\hrule\@width\hsize\@height\z@ % force width
  \else \unskip \egroup \box\z@ \fi % or end hbox
  \egroup % end the \vtop; width is known so now is "later"
  \WF@floatstyhook % support float.sty
  \def\width{\wd\WF@box}\setlength\wrapoverhang{\WF@ovh}%
  \xdef\WF@ovh{\the\wrapoverhang}% save until wrapping
  \ifdim\ht\WF@box>\topskip \ht\WF@box\z@ \fi % too much height, set flag.
  \ifdim\ht\WF@box<.5\p@ % too tall (starts with \vbox) or too short
   \global\setbox\WF@box\vtop{\vskip-1.4ex\unvbox\WF@box}\fi
  \global\WF@size\dp\WF@box % box is guaranteed to have little height.
  \global\advance\WF@size1.5\baselineskip \global\advance\WF@size\tw@\intextsep
  \aftergroup\WF@startfloating % even when not really floating!
  \ifWF@float\else \ifhmode
     {\unskip \parfillskip\z@skip \par \vskip-\parskip}\aftergroup\noindent
  \fi\fi \global\@ignoretrue}

\let\endwrapfigure\endwrapfloat
\let\endwraptable\endwrapfloat

% Subvert \everypar to float fig and do wrapping.  Also for non-float.
\def\WF@startfloating{%
 \WF@everypar\expandafter{\the\everypar}\let\everypar\WF@everypar
 \WF@@everypar{\ifvoid\WF@box\else\WF@floathand\fi \the\everypar
 \WF@wraphand
}}

\def\WF@floathand{%
\ifx\parshape\WF@fudgeparshape \WF@fltmes\else
  \ifx\par\@@par\ifnum\@@parshape=\z@\ifdim\hangindent=\z@
    \setbox\z@\lastbox \begingroup
    \@@par \WF@@everypar{}\WF@putfigmaybe
    \endgroup % start wrapping
    \ifvoid\z@\else\box\z@\fi % replace indentation
  \else\WF@fltmes\fi\else\WF@fltmes\fi\else\WF@fltmes\fi\fi}

% Put fig here if it fits or if it can't float
\def\WF@putfigmaybe{%
\ifinner
  \vskip-\parskip \global\WF@floatfalse
  \let\pagetotal\maxdimen % kludge flag for "not top of page"
\else % outer page
  \@tempdima\pagedepth % save page depth
   {\advance\parskip\@tempdima\vskip-\parskip}% back up to baseline
   \penalty\interlinepenalty % update pg. parameters
   \@tempdimb\pagegoal \advance\@tempdimb-\pagetotal % room left on page
   \ifdim\@tempdimb<\z@ % \WF@info{Page overfull already;}%
      \global\WF@floatfalse
      \ifdim-\@tempdimb>\pageshrink \else \pagebreak \fi
   \else
      \ifdim\WF@size>\@tempdimb
%        \WF@info{Size \the\WF@size\space does not fit in \the\@tempdimb}%
         \ifWF@float \dimen@.5\baselineskip \else \dimen@ 2\baselineskip\fi
         \ifdim\pagestretch>\dimen@ \dimen@\pagestretch \fi
         \ifdim\pagefilstretch>\z@ \dimen@\@tempdimb \fi
         \ifdim\pagefillstretch>\z@ \dimen@\@tempdimb \fi
         \advance\dimen@.5\baselineskip
         \ifdim\dimen@>\@tempdimb % \WF@info{Page nearly full; can stretch}%
            \global\WF@floatfalse \pagebreak
         \fi
      \else % \WF@info{Fits in \the\@tempdimb;}%
         \global\WF@floatfalse
   \fi\fi
   \vskip\@tempdima\relax % (return erased page depth)
\fi
\noindent
\ifWF@float
  \WF@fltmes
\else % putting here;
  \WF@info{Put \WF@wfname here:}%
  {\ifodd\if@twoside\c@page\else\@ne\fi % assign l/r to i/o placement
    \lccode`i`l\lccode`o`r\else \lccode`i`r\lccode`o`l\fi
    \xdef\WF@place{\the\lccode\lccode\WF@place}}% twice to get only l or r
  \hbox to\z@{% llap or rlap depending on {l} or {r}; calc effective width
   \@tempdima\wd\WF@box \@tempdimb\WF@ovh
   \advance\@tempdima-\@tempdimb \advance\@tempdima\columnsep
   \@tempdimb\hsize \advance\@tempdimb-\@tempdima
   \xdef\WF@adjlw{\the\@tempdima}%
   \ifnum `l=\WF@place % fig on left
    \hss % figure overlaps space to the left
    \def\@tempa{\kern\columnsep}% position to left of the gap
   \else  %  fig on right
    \@tempdima\z@ % no left indentation
    \kern\@tempdimb \kern\columnsep
    \def\@tempa{\hss}% figure overlaps space to the right
   \fi
   \ifdim\@tempdimb<\hsize
    \xdef\WF@wrapil{\the\@tempdima \the\@tempdimb}% indentation and length
    \xdef\WF@adjtlm{\the\@tempdima}%
   \else
    \xdef\WF@wrapil{\z@ \the\hsize}%
    \xdef\WF@adjlw{\z@}\xdef\WF@adjtlm{\z@}%
   \fi
   \ifdim\pagetotal=\z@ % \WF@info{Put \WF@wfname at top of p.\thepage}%
    \global\advance\WF@size-\intextsep
   \else % \WF@info{Putting \WF@wfname in middle of page}%
    \setbox\WF@box\hbox{\lower\intextsep\box\WF@box}%
   \fi \dp\WF@box\z@ \box\WF@box \@tempa
  }% end \hbox to 0pt
  \aftergroup\WF@startwrapping % after the \endgroup which immediately follows
\fi}

\def\WF@startwrapping{%
 \ifx\WF@wli\@empty
  {\advance\WF@size1.1\baselineskip
  \divide\WF@size\baselineskip \global\c@WF@wrappedlines\WF@size}%
 \else
  \setcounter{WF@wrappedlines}{\WF@wli}\global\advance\c@WF@wrappedlines\@ne
 \fi
 \ifnum\c@WF@wrappedlines>\@ne
  \let\parshape\WF@fudgeparshape \let\WF@pspars\@empty \let\WF@@par\par
  \def\@setpar##1{\def\WF@@par{##1}}\def\par{\@par}\let\@par\WF@mypar
  \xdef\WF@restoretol{\tolerance\the\tolerance}\tolerance9999
  \advance\linewidth-\WF@adjlw \advance\@totalleftmargin\WF@adjtlm
 \fi}

\def\WF@wraphand{%
\ifnum\c@WF@wrappedlines<\tw@ \WF@finale
\else \begingroup % Create \parshape command:
 \@tempcnta\@ne \let\WF@wrapil\relax \gdef\WF@ps{}%
 \@whilenum \@tempcnta<\c@WF@wrappedlines\do{% repeated indentation, length
  \xdef\WF@ps{\WF@ps\WF@wrapil}\advance\@tempcnta\@ne
 }\endgroup
 \ifx\WF@pspars\@empty
  \@@parshape\c@WF@wrappedlines \WF@ps \WF@noil
 \else % use external `parshape' values to modify my parshape
  \WF@modps
\fi\fi}

\def\WF@mypar{\relax
 \WF@@par % what the rest of LaTeX expects \par to be (usually \@@par)
 \ifnum\@@parshape=\z@ \let\WF@pspars\@empty \fi % reset `parshape'
 \global\advance\c@WF@wrappedlines-\prevgraf \prevgraf\z@
 \ifnum\c@WF@wrappedlines<\tw@ \WF@finale \fi}

\def\WF@modps{\begingroup
  \afterassignment\@tempdimb \@tempdima\WF@pspars % a=ind, b=wid
  \advance\@tempdima-\WF@adjtlm \advance\@tempdimb\WF@adjlw
%  \afterassignment\dimen@\advance\@tempdima\WF@wrapil
%  \advance\@tempdimb\dimen@ \advance\@tempdimb-\hsize
  \let\WF@wrapil\WF@pspars%{\the\@tempdima \the\@tempdimb}%
  \edef\@tempb{\@@parshape\c@WF@wrappedlines \WF@ps \the\@tempdima \the\@tempdimb}%
  \expandafter\endgroup\@tempb}

\let\@@setpar\@setpar
\def\WF@noil{\z@ \hsize}
\let\WF@pspars\@empty

\def\WF@fudgeparshape{\relax \ifnum\c@WF@wrappedlines<\tw@ \WF@finale
  \else \afterassignment\WF@fudgeparshapee \fam \fi}
\def\WF@fudgeparshapee{\ifnum\fam=\@ne \expandafter \WF@parshapeee \else
  \WF@conflict \@@parshape\fam \fi}
\def\WF@parshapeee#1#2{\begingroup\delimitershortfall#1%
   \nulldelimiterspace#2%\advance\nulldelimiterspace\WF@adjlw
   \edef\@tempa{\def\noexpand\WF@pspars{%
      \the\delimitershortfall \the\nulldelimiterspace}}%
  \expandafter\endgroup\@tempa \WF@wraphand}

\def\WF@finale{\ifx\parshape\WF@fudgeparshape
 \WF@restoretol \let\@setpar\@@setpar \let\par\WF@@par
 \advance\linewidth\WF@adjlw \advance\@totalleftmargin-\WF@adjtlm
 \WF@info{Finish wrapping text}%
 \ifx\par\@@par \def\@par{\let\par\@@par\par}\else \let\@par\WF@@par \fi
 \let\parshape\@@parshape
 \parshape\ifx\WF@pspars\@empty \z@ \else \@ne \WF@pspars\fi \fi
 \ifvoid\WF@box \ifx\everypar\WF@everypar
  \let\everypar\WF@@everypar \everypar\expandafter{\the\WF@everypar}%
 \fi\fi}

\newcommand{\WFclear}{\par 
 \ifvoid\WF@box\else \vskip\bigskipamount \box\WF@box
 \let\everypar\WF@@everypar \everypar\expandafter{\the\WF@everypar}%
 \fi \global\c@WF@wrappedlines\z@ \WF@finale}

\begingroup
 \toks0={\let\everypar\WF@@everypar \everypar\expandafter{\the\WF@everypar}%
   \let\parshape\@@parshape \let\@setpar\@@setpar }
 \toks1=\expandafter{\@arrayparboxrestore}
 \toks2=\expandafter{\clearpage}
 \edef\@tempa{\def\noexpand\@arrayparboxrestore{\the\toks0 \the\toks1}%
      \def\noexpand\clearpage{\noexpand\protect\noexpand\WFclear \the\toks2}}
 \expandafter
\endgroup\@tempa

\@ifundefined{@capwidth}{\let\@capwidth\hsize}{}% Pamper RevTeX's Stupidity

\def\WF@conflict{\WF@warning
 {\WF@wfname used inside a conflicting environment}}
\def\WF@collision{\WF@warning{Collision between wrapping environments}}
\def\WF@fltmes{\ifWF@float \WF@info{\WF@wfname floats}%
 \else \WF@warning{Stationary \WF@wfname forced to float}\fi}

\let\WF@warning\@warning
\let\WF@info\@gobble

% Support float.sty: float styles and \newfloat.  Make \newfloat{foo}
% define the `wrapfoo' environment.  Support \newfloat from memoir.cls
% and \newfloatlist from ccaption.sty.
% 
\let\WF@floatstyhook\relax

\@ifundefined{newfloat}{}{% There is a \newfloat command
%
 \@ifundefined{restylefloat}{
 % \newfloat comes from somewhere besides float.sty 
   \@ifclassloaded{memoir}{
    \toks@=\expandafter\expandafter\expandafter
     {\csname\string\newfloat\endcsname [{#1}]{#2}{#3}{#4}%
     \newenvironment{wrap#2}{\wrapfloat{#2}}{\endwrapfloat}%
    }
    \edef\@tempa{\def\expandafter\noexpand\csname\string\newfloat\endcsname
      [##1]##2##3##4{\the\toks@}}
    \@tempa
   }% end memoir support
   {}% Other origins of \newfloat here??
 }{
 %  float.sty handler.  Ooops:  Two versions for different versions
 %  Changing \float@restyle (or \restylefloat) changes \newfloat too.
 \@ifundefined{float@restyle}{% older float.sty
  \toks@=\expandafter{\restylefloat{#1}% (env may or may not be defined)
   \@namedef{wrap#1}{\def\@captype{#1}\@nameuse{fst@#1}%
    \def\WF@floatstyhook{\let\@currbox\WF@box \columnwidth\wd\WF@box 
       \global\setbox\WF@box\float@makebox}%
    \@ifnextchar[\WF@wr{\WF@wr[]}}%
   \expandafter\let\csname endwrap#1\endcsname \endwrapfigure
  }\edef\@tempa{\def\noexpand\restylefloat##1{\the\toks@}}
 }{% newer float.sty: use \float@restyle, and \float@makebox takes width arg
  \toks@=\expandafter{\float@restyle{#1}% (env may or may not be defined)
   \@namedef{wrap#1}{\def\@captype{#1}\@nameuse{fst@#1}%
    \def\WF@floatstyhook{\let\@currbox\WF@box 
       \global\setbox\WF@box\float@makebox{\wd\WF@box}}%
    \@ifnextchar[\WF@wr{\WF@wr[]}}%
   \expandafter\let\csname endwrap#1\endcsname \endwrapfigure
  }\edef\@tempa{\def\noexpand\float@restyle##1{\the\toks@}}
 }
 \@tempa % perform redefinitions
 %
 }% End float.sty handler
}% End redefinitions of \newfloat

% Support ccaption.sty 
\@ifundefined{\string\newfloatlist}{}{
 \toks@=\expandafter\expandafter\expandafter
   {\csname\string\newfloatlist\endcsname [{#1}]{#2}{#3}{#4}{#5}%
  \@namedef{wrap#2}{\wrapfloat{#2}}%
  \expandafter\let\csname endwrap#2\endcsname \endwrapfloat
 }
 \edef\@tempa{\def\expandafter\noexpand\csname\string\newfloatlist\endcsname
   [##1]##2##3##4##5{\the\toks@}}
 \@tempa
}

% Process package options.

\@ifundefined{DeclareOption}{\endinput}{}

\def\WF@warning{\PackageWarning{wrapfig}}
\ProvidesPackage{wrapfig}[2003/01/31 \space  v 3.6]
\DeclareOption{verbose}{\def\WF@info{\PackageInfo{wrapfig}}}
\ProcessOptions
\AtEndDocument{\WFclear}

\endinput

%%%%%  ----- End definitions ----- %%%%%

%%%%%  ----- Begin Instructions ----- %%%%%


W R A P F I G . S T Y  \ \  ver 3.6 \ \ (Jan 31, 2003)

Copyright (C) 1991-2003 by Donald Arseneau  (asnd@triumf.ca)

Wrapfig.sty provides the environments "wrapfigure" and "wraptable" for
typesetting a narrow float at the edge of the text, and making the text
wrap around it.  The "wrapfigure" and "wraptable" environments interact
properly with the "\caption" command to produce proper numbering, but
they are not regular floats like "figure" and "table", so (beware!) they
may be printed out of sequence with the regular floats.  There are four
parameters for "\begin{wrapfigure}", two optional and two required, plus
the text of the figure, with a caption perhaps:

   \begin{wrapfigure}[12]{r}[34pt]{5cm} <figure> \end{wrapfigure}
                      ==  =  ====  ===
   [number of narrow lines] {placement} [overhang] {width}

Some idiosyncrasies:

  - You must not specify a wrapfigure in any type of list environment or
    or immediately before or immediately after one.  It is OK to follow
    a list if there is a blank line ("\par") in between.

  - If you put a wrapfigure in a parbox or a minipage, or any other type
    of grouping, the text wrapping should end before the group does.

  - It does work in two-column format, but are your figures that small?

  - It may be out of sequence with regular floats.

  - The hlines that may be printed above and below floats are ignored;
    you must insert them manually if desired.

  - "\linewidth" is now adjusted within the wrapped text, but since it
    can only be set for whole paragraphs at a time, it will persist with
    the wrong value after the wrapping, until the paragraph is finished.

New wrapping environments may be added when new float types are defined
(using memoir.cls, float.sty, or ccaption.sty).  Any wrapping environment,
"wrapfigure", "wraptable", or something else may be invoked using the
"wrapfloat" environment, as in "\begin{wrapfloat}{figure}{O}{5cm}".

To use float.sty properly, load package "float" before "wrapfig", 
and declare any new float types after loading both.  Likewise for
ccaption.sty and "\newfloatlist" and memoir.cls and its "\newfloat".

\section{Placement and Floating}

Parameter "#2" (required) is the figure placement code, but the valid
codes are different from regular figures.  They come in pairs: an
uppercase version which allows the figure to float, and a lowercase
version that puts the figure ``exactly here''.

  r  R  -  the right side of the text
  l  L  -  the left side of the text
  i  I  -  the inside edge--near the binding (if "[twoside]" document)
  o  O  -  the outside edge--far from the binding

You should specify one code only, not a list.  The figure or table must
be on one side or the other; it cannot be in the middle with text on
both sides.  The "i" and "o" options refer to the inside and outside of
the whole page, not individual columns.

The ability to float is somewhat restricted, and you will get best results
by giving exact manual placement, but floating is more convenient while
revising the document.  Any changes to the formatting can ruin your manual
positioning so you should adjust the placement just before printing a
final copy.  Here are some tips for good placement:

  - The environment should be placed so as to not run over a page break.

  - The environment must not be placed in special places like lists.

  - For esthetic reasons, only plain text should wrap around the figure.
    Section titles and big equations look bad; lists are bad if the figure 
    is on the left.  (All these function properly, they just don't look 
    very good.)  Small equations look fine.

  - It is convenient to begin the environment between paragraphs, but if
    you want placement in the middle of a paragraph, you must put the
    environment between two words where there is a natural line break.

When floating, \LaTeX\ tries to apply these rules.  More specifically,
a floated wrapping environment will only begin...

  - at the beginning of a paragraph,

  - when there is enough room on the page, or it is possible to go on
    the next page,

  - if the `paragraph' is not in a section title or a list,

  - if the paragraph is not wrapping around another figure,

  - in the main text (not in a minipage etc.)

It is possible that a non-floating wrapfigure will be forced to float
when an earlier one is still being processed.  A warning will be written
in that case.  You can have more information about the floating process
written to the log file by specifying "\usepackage[verbose]{wrapfig}".

If there is a lot of flexibility on a page, a floating wrapfigure may
be placed badly; you must turn to manual placement.  A rare problem is
that floats and footnotes specified within the wrapping text can also
cause poor placement and bad formatting.


\section {Sizing and optional overhang}

Parameter "#4" (the second required parameter) is the width of the figure
or table.  Given the way that \LaTeX\ puts just about everything into boxes 
with the current line-width, the width parameter will take precedence over 
whatever natural width the figure has.  In particular, the caption is always 
typeset with the specified width.  If the figure is wider than the space 
allotted, you will get an ``overfull box'' warning.

However, if you specify a width of *zero* ("0pt"), the actual width of
the figure will determine the wrapping width.  A following "\caption"
should have the same width as the figure, but it might fail badly; it
is safer to specify a width when you use a caption.

\LaTeX\ will wrap surrounding text around the figure, leaving a gap of
"\intextsep" at the top and bottom, and "\columsep" at the side, by
producing a series of shortened text lines beside the figure.  The
indentation (shortening) of the text is the figure width plus "\columnsep"
minus overhang (if any; see below).

\LaTeX\ calculates the number of short lines needed based on the height
of the figure and the length "\intextsep".  You can override this guess
by giving the first optional argument (parameter "#1") specifying the
number of shortened lines (counting each displayed equation as 3 lines).
This is particularly useful when the surrounding text contains extra
vertical spacing that is not accounted for automatically.

The second optional parameter ("#3") tells how much the figure should
hang out into the margin. The default overhang is given by the length
"\wrapoverhang", which is "0pt" normally but can be changed using
"\setlength".  For example, to have all wrapfigures use the space
reserved for marginal notes,

    \setlength{\wrapoverhang}{\marginparwidth}
    \addtolength{\wrapoverhang}{\marginparsep}

When you do specify the overhang explicitly for a particular figure, you
can use a special unit called "\width" meaning the width of the figure.
For example, "[0.5\width]" makes the center of the figure sit on the
edge of the text, and "[\width]" puts the figure entirely in the margin
(and the adjacent text is indented by just "\columnsep").  This "\width"
is the actual width of the wrapfigure, which may be greater than the 
declared width.


\section{Some Random Implementation Notes}

Unfortunately, \LaTeX's system of setting "\everypar" and "\par" is
unable to coexist peacefully with a wrapping environment, so I was
forced to subvert the "\@setpar" mechanism and "\everypar".  ("\everypar"
is already subverted once by NFSS.)

When checking the room left on the page, remember that if there is less
than "\baselineskip" the new paragraph will begin on the next page, even
if there is no page stretch. If non-floating, I force a bad page break
rather than have the figure hang into the bottom margin.

Here are notes on various variables and some macros; what info they
store and how they are used.

  \WF@wli - number-of-wrapped-lines parameter, saved for start of wrapping.
     Set globally by "\WF@wr" (set empty if no optional parameter given).
     The floating mechanism ignores this and uses the real size.

  \WF@ovh - margin overhang set globally by "\WF@rapt", saved until placing
     figure (but not reset).  Actually, the setting is very tricky so that
     the expected values are used when a figure floats. First, the expression
     is saved without evaluation by "\WF@rapt" ("\begin{wrapfigure}") because
     "\width" is still unknown.  Soon after that, "\endwrapfigure" executes
     "\WF@ovh" to evaluate the overhang and save the result (so that changes
     to "\wrapoverhang" while this figure is floating won't affect this
     figure). Finally, it is used by "\WF@putfigmaybe" when printing the fig.

  \WF@place - a macro that is used as a number, giving the placement code.
     It might start out as "`I" and later be converted to "114" (r).

  \WF@box - tested for void at "\begin{wrapfigure}", to avoid collisions,
     by "\everypar" to do floating, and by "\WF@finale" before resetting
     "\everypar".  Voided globally when used by "\WF@putfigmaybe" (or by
     "\WF@wr" if an old figure must be dumped prematurely).

  \par - test if it is "\@@par" by "\begin{wrapfigure}" and "\WF@floathand"
     to float past special environments.  It is set to "\@par" ("\WF@mypar")
     by "\WF@startwrapping", and restored by an end-group (bad!) or by
     "\WF@finale" (good).  It is protected from change by redefining
     "\@setpar".

  \parshape - let to "\WF@fudgeparshape" by "\WF@startwrapping", so lists
     will continue wrapping; "\@@parshape" preserves the real "\parshape"
     command, and it is restored by "\WF@finale" or "\@parboxrestore".
     "\WF@floathand" and "\WF@wr" test if old wrapping is still in progress
     with "\ifx\parshape\WF@fudgeparshape". The value of "\@@parshape" is
     also tested to float past lists and other wrapping environments.

  \hangindent - tested to float past section titles etc.

  \c@WF@wrappedlines - the number of shortened lines + 1; set globally by
     "\WF@startwrapping" and decremented by "\par" ("\WF@mypar").  It is > 1
     only when wrapping is incomplete.  "\WF@wraphand", "\WF@fudgeparshape",
     and "\WF@mypar" test the number for calling "\WF@finale".  It may get
     stuck at some high value if "\par" is restored by an end-group, (and
     wrapping is terminated prematurely) so it is unwise to use this as a
     test for wrapping-complete.

  \pagetotal - one of many parameters used to compute floating.  When
     putting a wrapfigure in a parbox, I assign "\let\pagetotal\maxdimen"
     (locally!) to signal not-top-of-page and no floating.

  \WF@pspars - the "\parshape" parameters as LaTeX sets them for lists
     ("\WF@fudgeparshape"); when wrapping I test it and use it to modify my
     own real params for the paragraph.  They are also used when "\parshape"
     is restored after wrapping.

  \WF@finale - is performed by "\par" when wrapping should end.  However,
     that might happen inside a group (a list especially), so the subverted
     versions of "\par", "\parshape" etc. will be reinstated when the group
     ends.  Thus, they must themselves test "\c@WF@wrappedlines" < 2 to see
     when wrapping is over, and if so, they should just do "\WF@finale" again.

These are the tests to see if a floating wrapfigure will fit at a particular
spot.  These tests are performed at the beginning of every paragraph after
the figure, except in lists etc.  ("\pagegoal" - "\pagetotal" is the room
left on the page.)

  >
  room_left := \pagegoal - \pagetotal
  if  room_left < 0  then page overfull already: put figure (on next page)
  else
     if  figure_size > room_left  then does not fit
        if  max(min_stretch, \pagestretch) + extra > room_left
           then page can stretch until full: put figure (at top of next page)
        fi
     else figure fits: put figure
  fi fi
  <

Even if a wrapfigure is not floating, it will go through the same logic
to generate a "\pagebreak", and maybe an underfull page, when the current
page can stretch until full.  The "min_stretch" depends on whether it is
floating or not: ".5\baselineskip" (floating) "2\baselineskip" (not). The
"extra" is ".5\baselineskip" in either case.  These values can be adjusted.

There are some other `magic numbers' for floating that aren't really so
special, but you must change them together if you change them at all.
To make floating wrapfigures float less and fit on pages more frequently,
but not change the number of wrapped lines, decrease the "1.5" in
"\global\advance\WF@size1.5\baselineskip" and increase the "1.1" in
"\advance\WF@size1.1\baselineskip" by the same amount (and vice versa).
To make more (or fewer) wrapped lines for the same size figure, without
changing the floating, change "1.1" in "\advance\WF@size1.1\baselineskip"
unilaterally.

%%%%%  ----- End Instructions ----- %%%%%

Test file integrity:  ASCII 32-57, 58-126:  !"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789
:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~