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/*
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 * Copyright (C) 1995-2008 University of Karlsruhe.  All right reserved.
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 *
 * This file is part of libFirm.
 *
 * This file may be distributed and/or modified under the terms of the
 * GNU General Public License version 2 as published by the Free Software
 * Foundation and appearing in the file LICENSE.GPL included in the
 * packaging of this file.
 *
 * Licensees holding valid libFirm Professional Edition licenses may use
 * this file in accordance with the libFirm Commercial License.
 * Agreement provided with the Software.
 *
 * This file is provided AS IS with NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, INCLUDING THE
 * WARRANTY OF DESIGN, MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
 * PURPOSE.
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 */
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/**
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 * @file
 * @brief     Dynamic and flexible arrays for C.
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 * @author    Markus Armbruster, Michael Beck, Matthias Braun, Sebastian Hack
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 * @version   $Id$
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 */
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#ifndef FIRM_ADT_ARRAY_H
#define FIRM_ADT_ARRAY_H
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#include <assert.h>
#include <stddef.h>
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#include "firm_config.h"
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#include "obst.h"
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#include "fourcc.h"
#include "align.h"
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#include "xmalloc.h"
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/**
 * Creates a flexible array.
 *
 * @param type     The element type of the new array.
 * @param nelts    a size_t expression evaluating to the number of elements
 *
 * This macro creates a flexible array of a given type at runtime.
 * The size of the array can be changed later.
 *
 * @return A pointer to the flexible array (can be used as a pointer to the
 *         first element of this array).
 */
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#define NEW_ARR_F(type, nelts)						\
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  ((type *)ir_new_arr_f((nelts), sizeof(type) * (nelts)))
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/**
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 * Creates a new flexible array with the same number of elements as a
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 * given one.
 *
 * @param type     The element type of the new array.
 * @param arr      An array from which the number of elements will be taken
 *
 * This macro creates a flexible array of a given type at runtime.
 * The size of the array can be changed later.
 *
 * @return A pointer to the flexible array (can be used as a pointer to the
 *         first element of this array).
 */
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#define CLONE_ARR_F(type, arr)			\
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  NEW_ARR_F(type, ARR_LEN((arr)))
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/**
 * Duplicates an array and returns the new flexible one.
 *
 * @param type     The element type of the new array.
 * @param arr      An array from which the elements will be duplicated
 *
 * This macro creates a flexible array of a given type at runtime.
 * The size of the array can be changed later.
 *
 * @return A pointer to the flexible array (can be used as a pointer to the
 *         first element of this array).
 */
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#define DUP_ARR_F(type, arr)							\
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  memcpy(CLONE_ARR_F(type, (arr)), (arr), sizeof(type) * ARR_LEN((arr)))
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/**
 * Delete a flexible array.
 *
 * @param arr    The flexible array.
 */
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#define DEL_ARR_F(arr) (ir_del_arr_f((void *)(arr)))
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/**
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 * Creates a dynamic array on an obstack.
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 *
 * @param type     The element type of the new array.
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 * @param obstack  A struct obstack * were the data will be allocated
 * @param nelts    A size_t expression evaluating to the number of elements
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 *
 * This macro creates a dynamic array of a given type at runtime.
 * The size of the array cannot be changed later.
 *
 * @return A pointer to the dynamic array (can be used as a pointer to the
 *         first element of this array).
 */
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#define NEW_ARR_D(type, obstack, nelts)					\
  (  nelts								\
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   ? (type *)ir_new_arr_d((obstack), (nelts), sizeof(type) * (nelts))	\
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   : (type *)arr_mt_descr.v.elts)
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/**
 * Creates a new dynamic array with the same number of elements as a
 * given one.
 *
 * @param type     The element type of the new array.
 * @param obstack  An struct obstack * were the data will be allocated
 * @param arr      An array from which the number of elements will be taken
 *
 * This macro creates a dynamic array of a given type at runtime.
 * The size of the array cannot be changed later.
 *
 * @return A pointer to the dynamic array (can be used as a pointer to the
 *         first element of this array).
 */
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#define CLONE_ARR_D(type, obstack, arr)		\
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  NEW_ARR_D(type, (obstack), ARR_LEN((arr)))
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/**
 * Duplicates an array and returns the new dynamic one.
 *
 * @param type     The element type of the new array.
 * @param obstack  An struct obstack * were the data will be allocated
 * @param arr      An array from which the elements will be duplicated
 *
 * This macro creates a dynamic array of a given type at runtime.
 * The size of the array cannot be changed later.
 *
 * @return A pointer to the dynamic array (can be used as a pointer to the
 *         first element of this array).
 */
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#define DUP_ARR_D(type, obstack, arr)							\
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  memcpy(CLONE_ARR_D(type, (obstack), (arr)), (arr), sizeof(type) * ARR_LEN ((arr)))
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/**
 * Returns the length of an array
 *
 * @param arr  a flexible, dynamic, automatic or static array.
 */
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#define ARR_LEN(arr) (ARR_VRFY((arr)), ARR_DESCR((arr))->nelts)
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/**
 * Resize a flexible array, allocate more data if needed but do NOT
 * reduce.
 *
 * @param type     The element type of the array.
 * @param arr      The array, which must be an lvalue.
 * @param n        The new size of the array.
 *
 * @remark  This macro may change arr, so update all references!
 */
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#define ARR_RESIZE(type, arr, n)					\
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  ((arr) = ir_arr_resize((void *)(arr), (n), sizeof(type)))
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/**
 * Resize a flexible array, always reallocate data.
 *
 * @param type     The element type of the array.
 * @param arr      The array, which must be an lvalue.
 * @param n        The new size of the array.
 *
 * @remark  This macro may change arr, so update all references!
 */
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#define ARR_SETLEN(type, arr, n)					\
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  ((arr) = ir_arr_setlen((void *)(arr), (n), sizeof(type) * (n)))
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/** Set a length smaller than the current length of the array.  Do not
 *  resize. len must be <= ARR_LEN(arr). */
#define ARR_SHRINKLEN(arr,len)                                          \
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   (ARR_VRFY((arr)), assert(ARR_DESCR((arr))->nelts >= len),             \
    ARR_DESCR((arr))->nelts = len)
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/**
 * Resize a flexible array by growing it by delta elements.
 *
 * @param type     The element type of the array.
 * @param arr      The array, which must be an lvalue.
 * @param delta    The delta number of elements.
 *
 * @remark  This macro may change arr, so update all references!
 */
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#define ARR_EXTEND(type, arr, delta)			\
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  ARR_RESIZE(type, (arr), ARR_LEN((arr)) + (delta))
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/**
 * Resize a flexible array to hold n elements only if it is currently shorter
 * than n.
 *
 * @param type     The element type of the array.
 * @param arr      The array, which must be an lvalue.
 * @param n        The new size of the array.
 *
 * @remark  This macro may change arr, so update all references!
 */
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#define ARR_EXTO(type, arr, n)						\
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  ((n) >= ARR_LEN((arr)) ? ARR_RESIZE(type, (arr), (n)+1) : (arr))
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/**
 * Append one element to a flexible array.
 *
 * @param type     The element type of the array.
 * @param arr      The array, which must be an lvalue.
 * @param elt      The new element, must be of type (type).
 */
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#define ARR_APP1(type, arr, elt)					\
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  (ARR_EXTEND(type, (arr), 1), (arr)[ARR_LEN((arr))-1] = (elt))
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#ifdef NDEBUG
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# define ARR_VRFY(arr)          ((void)0)
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# define ARR_IDX_VRFY(arr, idx) ((void)0)
#else
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# define ARR_VRFY(arr)          ir_verify_arr(arr)
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# define ARR_IDX_VRFY(arr, idx)				\
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    assert((0 <= (idx)) && ((idx) < ARR_LEN((arr))))
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#endif


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/**
 * Construct an array header.
 */
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#define ARR_STRUCT(type, rnelts)                    \
  struct {                                          \
  	int magic;                                      \
  	size_t eltsize;                                 \
    union {                                         \
      struct obstack *obstack;	/* dynamic: allocated on this obstack */  \
      int allocated;			/* flexible: #slots allocated */          \
    } u;                                            \
    int nelts;                                      \
    union {                                         \
      type elts[(rnelts)];                          \
      aligned_type align[1];                        \
    } v;                                            \
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  }

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/**
 * The array descriptor header type.
 */
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typedef ARR_STRUCT(aligned_type, 1) ir_arr_descr;
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extern ir_arr_descr arr_mt_descr;
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void *ir_new_arr_f(int nelts, size_t elts_size);
void ir_del_arr_f(void *elts);
void *ir_new_arr_d(struct obstack *obstack, int nelts, size_t elts_size);
void *ir_arr_resize(void *elts, int nelts, size_t elts_size);
void *ir_arr_setlen(void *elts, int nelts, size_t elts_size);
void ir_verify_arr(const void *elts);
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#define ARR_ELTS_OFFS offsetof(ir_arr_descr, v.elts)
#define ARR_DESCR(elts) ((ir_arr_descr *)(void *)((char *)(elts) - ARR_ELTS_OFFS))
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/*
 ____             _           _      _
/ ___|  ___  _ __| |_ ___  __| |    / \   _ __ _ __ __ _ _   _ ___
\___ \ / _ \| '__| __/ _ \/ _` |   / _ \ | '__| '__/ _` | | | / __|
 ___) | (_) | |  | ||  __/ (_| |  / ___ \| |  | | | (_| | |_| \__ \
|____/ \___/|_|   \__\___|\__,_| /_/   \_\_|  |_|  \__,_|\__, |___/
                                                         |___/
*/

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typedef int (ir_arr_cmp_func_t)(const void *a, const void *b);
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/**
 * Do a binary search in an array.
 * @param arr      The array.
 * @param elm_size The size of an array element.
 * @param cmp      A comparison function for two array elements (see qsort(3) for example).
 * @param elm      A pointer to the element we are looking for.
 * @return         This is somewhat tricky. Let <code>res</code> be the return value.
 *                 If the return value is negative, then <code>elm</code> was not in the array
 *                 but <code>-res - 1</code> gives the proper location where it should be inserted.
 *                 If <code>res >= 0</code> then the element is in the array and <code>res</code>
 *                 represents its index.
 *                 That allows for testing membership and finding proper insertion indices.
 * @note           The differences to bsearch(3) which does not give proper insert locations
 *                 in the case that the element is not conatined in the array.
 */
static INLINE __attribute__((const, unused)) int
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ir_arr_bsearch(const void *arr, size_t elm_size, ir_arr_cmp_func_t *cmp, const void *elm)
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{
	int hi = ARR_LEN(arr);
	int lo = 0;

	while(lo < hi) {
		int md     = lo + ((hi - lo) >> 1);
		int res    = cmp((char *) arr + md * elm_size, elm);
		if(res < 0)
			lo = md + 1;
		else if(res > 0)
			hi = md;
		else
			return md;
	}

	return -(lo + 1);
}

#define ARR_SET_INSERT(arr, cmp, elm) \
do { \
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	int idx = ir_arr_bsearch((arr), sizeof((arr)[0]), (cmp), (elm)); \
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	if (idx < 0) { \
		idx = -idx - 1; \
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		memmove(&(arr)[idx+1], &(arr)[idx], sizeof((arr)[0]) * (ARR_DESCR((arr))->nelts - idx)); \
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		(arr)[idx] = *(elm); \
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		++ARR_DESCR((arr))->nelts; \
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	} \
} while(0)

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#define ARR_SET_INSERT_EXT(type, arr, cmp, elm) \
do { \
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	int idx = ir_arr_bsearch((arr), sizeof((arr)[0]), (cmp), (elm)); \
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	if (idx < 0) { \
		int len = ARR_LEN(arr); \
		idx = -idx - 1; \
		ARR_EXTO(type, arr, len + 1); \
		memmove(&(arr)[idx+1], &(arr)[idx], sizeof((arr)[0]) * (len - idx)); \
		(arr)[idx] = *(elm); \
	} \
} while(0)

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#define ARR_SET_REMOVE(arr, cmp, elm) \
do { \
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	int idx = ir_arr_bsearch((arr), sizeof((arr)[0]), (cmp), (elm)); \
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	if (idx >= 0) { \
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		--ARR_DESCR((arr))->nelts; \
		memmove(&(arr)[idx], &(arr)[idx+1], sizeof((arr)[0]) * (ARR_DESCR((arr))->nelts - idx)); \
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	} \
} while(0)

/**
 * Return the index of an element in an array set.
 * To check for containment, use the expression:
 *     (ARR_SET_GET_IDX(arr, cmp, elm) >= 0)
 *
 * @return The index or some value < 0 if the element was not in the set.
 */
#define ARR_SET_GET_IDX(arr, cmp, elm) \
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	(ARR_VRFY((arr)), ir_arr_bsearch((arr), sizeof((arr)[0]), cmp, (elm)))
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#ifdef __GNUC__
#define ARR_SET_GET(arr, cmp, elm) \
	({ int idx = ARR_SET_GET_IDX(arr, cmp, elm); idx >= 0 ? &(arr)[idx] : NULL; })
#else
#define ARR_SET_GET(arr, cmp, elm) \
	(ARR_SET_GET_IDX(arr, cmp, elm) >= 0 ? &(arr)[ARR_SET_GET_IDX(arr, cmp, elm)] : NULL)
#endif

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#define ARR_SET_CONTAINS(arr, cmp, elm) \
	(ARR_SET_GET_IDX((arr), (cmp), (elm)) >= 0)

/**
 * Reset the array set.
 * This just initializes the size to zero but does not wipe out any element.
 */
#define ARR_SET_CLEAR(arr) ARR_SHRINKLEN(arr, 0)

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#endif /* FIRM_ADT_ARRAY_H */