lower_switch.c 8.04 KB
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/*
 * Copyright (C) 1995-2008 University of Karlsruhe.  All right reserved.
 *
 * This file is part of libFirm.
 *
 * This file may be distributed and/or modified under the terms of the
 * GNU General Public License version 2 as published by the Free Software
 * Foundation and appearing in the file LICENSE.GPL included in the
 * packaging of this file.
 *
 * Licensees holding valid libFirm Professional Edition licenses may use
 * this file in accordance with the libFirm Commercial License.
 * Agreement provided with the Software.
 *
 * This file is provided AS IS with NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, INCLUDING THE
 * WARRANTY OF DESIGN, MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
 * PURPOSE.
 */

/**
 * @file
 * @brief   Lowering of Switches if necessary or advantageous.
 * @author  Moritz Kroll
 * @version $Id$
 */

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include "config.h"
#endif

#include "ircons.h"
#include "irgwalk.h"
#include "irnode_t.h"
#include "irouts.h"

#define foreach_out_irn(irn, i, outirn) for(i = get_irn_n_outs(irn) - 1;\
	i >= 0 && (outirn = get_irn_out(irn, i)); --i)

typedef struct walk_env {
	unsigned         spare_size;		/**< the allowed spare size for table switches */
	struct obstack   obst;              /**< the obstack where data is allocated on */
	int              changed;           /**< indicates whether a change was performed */
} walk_env_t;

typedef struct case_data {
	long     value;
	ir_node *target;
} case_data_t;

/**
 * Add the new predecessor x to node node, which is either a Block or a Phi
 */
static void add_pred(ir_node* node, ir_node* x)
{
	ir_node** ins;
	int n;
	int i;

	assert(is_Block(node) || is_Phi(node));

	n = get_irn_arity(node);
	NEW_ARR_A(ir_node*, ins, n + 1);
	for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
		ins[i] = get_irn_n(node, i);
	ins[n] = x;
	set_irn_in(node, n + 1, ins);
}

/**
 * Remove the predecessor x from node node one time, which is either a Block or a Phi
 */
static void remove_pred(ir_node* node, ir_node* x)
{
	ir_node** ins;
	int n;
	int i, j;

	assert(is_Block(node) || is_Phi(node));

	n = get_irn_arity(node);
	NEW_ARR_A(ir_node*, ins, n - 1);
	for (i = 0, j = -1; i < n - 1; i++)
	{
		ins[++j] = get_irn_n(node, i);
		if(ins[i] == x) j--;
	}
	assert(i == j + 1 && "x is not a pred of node");
	set_irn_in(node, n - 1, ins);
}

/**
 * Evaluate a switch and decide whether we should build a table switch.
 *
 * @param cond       The Cond node representing the switch.
 * @param spare_size Allowed spare size for table switches in machine words.
 *                   (Default in edgfe: 128)
 */
static int should_do_table_switch(ir_node *cond, unsigned spare_size)
{
	long     default_pn;
	int      i;
	ir_node *proj;
	long switch_min = LONG_MAX, switch_max = LONG_MIN;
	unsigned long spare, num_cases = 0;

	/* TODO: Minimum size for jump table? */
	if(get_irn_n_outs(cond) <= 4)
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		return 0;
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	default_pn = get_Cond_defaultProj(cond);

	foreach_out_irn(cond, i, proj) {
		long pn = get_Proj_proj(proj);
		if(pn == default_pn)
			continue;

		if(pn < switch_min)
			switch_min = pn;
		if(pn > switch_max)
			switch_max = pn;
		num_cases++;
	}

	/*
	 * Here we have: num_cases and [switch_min, switch_max] interval.
	 * We do an if-cascade if there are too many spare numbers.
	 */
	spare = (unsigned long) switch_max - (unsigned long) switch_min - num_cases + 1;
	return spare < spare_size;
}

static int casecmp(const void *a, const void *b)
{
	return ((case_data_t *) a)->value - ((case_data_t *) b)->value;
}

/**
 * Creates an if cascade realizing binary search.
 */
static void create_if_cascade(ir_node *sel, ir_node *curblock, ir_node *defblock,
							  case_data_t *curcases, int numcases)
{
	set_cur_block(curblock);

	if(numcases == 1)
	{
		/* only one case: "if(sel == val) goto target else goto default;" */
		ir_node *val  = new_Const_long(get_irn_mode(sel), curcases[0].value);
		ir_node *cmp  = new_Cmp(sel, val);
		ir_node *proj = new_Proj(cmp, mode_b, pn_Cmp_Eq);
		ir_node *cond = new_Cond(proj);
		add_pred(curcases[0].target, new_Proj(cond, mode_X, pn_Cond_true));
		add_pred(defblock,           new_Proj(cond, mode_X, pn_Cond_false));
		return;
	} else if(numcases == 2) {
		/* only two cases: "if(sel == val[0]) goto target[0];" */
		ir_node *val  = new_Const_long(get_irn_mode(sel), curcases[0].value);
		ir_node *cmp  = new_Cmp(sel, val);
		ir_node *proj = new_Proj(cmp, mode_b, pn_Cmp_Eq);
		ir_node *cond = new_Cond(proj);
		ir_node *in[1];
		ir_node *neblock;

		add_pred(curcases[0].target, new_Proj(cond, mode_X, pn_Cond_true));
		in[0] = new_Proj(cond, mode_X, pn_Cond_false);
		neblock = new_Block(1, in);

		/* second part: "else if(sel == val[1]) goto target[1] else goto default;" */
		val  = new_Const_long(get_irn_mode(sel), curcases[1].value);
		cmp  = new_Cmp(sel, val);
		proj = new_Proj(cmp, mode_b, pn_Cmp_Eq);
		cond = new_Cond(proj);
		add_pred(curcases[1].target, new_Proj(cond, mode_X, pn_Cond_true));
		add_pred(defblock,           new_Proj(cond, mode_X, pn_Cond_false));
		return;
	} else {
		/* recursive case: split cases in the middle */
		int midcase = numcases / 2;
		ir_node *val  = new_Const_long(get_irn_mode(sel), curcases[midcase].value);
		ir_node *cmp  = new_Cmp(sel, val);
		ir_node *proj = new_Proj(cmp, mode_b, pn_Cmp_Lt);
		ir_node *cond = new_Cond(proj);
		ir_node *in[1];
		ir_node *ltblock;
		ir_node *geblock;

		in[0] = new_Proj(cond, mode_X, pn_Cond_true);
		ltblock = new_Block(1, in);

		set_cur_block(curblock);
		in[0] = new_Proj(cond, mode_X, pn_Cond_false);
		geblock = new_Block(1, in);

		create_if_cascade(sel, ltblock, defblock, curcases, midcase);
		create_if_cascade(sel, geblock, defblock, curcases + midcase, numcases - midcase);
	}
}

/**
 * Block-Walker: searches for Cond nodes with a non-boolean mode
 */
static void find_cond_nodes(ir_node *block, void *ctx)
{
	walk_env_t  *env = ctx;
	ir_node     *projx;
	ir_node     *cond;
	ir_node     *sel;
	ir_mode     *sel_mode;
	long         default_pn;
	int          i, j = 0, numcases;
	ir_node     *proj;
	case_data_t *cases;
	ir_node     *condblock;
	ir_node     *defblock = NULL;

	if(get_Block_n_cfgpreds(block) != 1)
		return;

	projx = get_Block_cfgpred(block, 0);
	if(!is_Proj(projx))
		return;
	assert(get_irn_mode(projx) == mode_X);

	cond = get_Proj_pred(projx);
	if(!is_Cond(cond))
		return;

	sel      = get_Cond_selector(cond);
	sel_mode = get_irn_mode(sel);

	if(sel_mode == mode_b)    /* not a switch? */
		return;

	if(should_do_table_switch(cond, env->spare_size))
		return;

	/*
	 * Switch should be transformed into an if cascade.
	 * So first order the cases, so we can do a binary search on them.
	 */

	numcases = get_irn_n_outs(cond) - 1;      // does not contain default case
	cases    = obstack_alloc(&env->obst, numcases * sizeof(*cases));

	default_pn = get_Cond_defaultProj(cond);

	foreach_out_irn(cond, i, proj) {
		long pn = get_Proj_proj(proj);
		if(pn == default_pn)
		{
			defblock = get_irn_out(proj, 0);
			remove_pred(defblock, proj);
			continue;
		}

		cases[j].value  = pn;
		cases[j].target = get_irn_out(proj, 0);
		remove_pred(cases[j].target, proj);
		j++;
	}
	assert(defblock != NULL && "Switch without default proj");
	qsort(cases, numcases, sizeof(*cases), casecmp);

	/* Now create the if cascade */
	condblock = get_nodes_block(cond);
	create_if_cascade(sel, condblock, defblock, cases, numcases);

	obstack_free(&env->obst, cases);
}

/**
 * Lowers all Switches (Cond nodes with non-boolean mode) depending on spare_size.
 * They will either remain the same or be converted into if-cascades.
 *
 * @param irg        The ir graph to be lowered.
 * @param spare_size Allowed spare size for table switches in machine words.
 *                   (Default in edgfe: 128)
 */
void lower_Switch(ir_graph *irg, unsigned spare_size)
{
	walk_env_t env;
	ir_graph *rem = current_ir_graph;

	current_ir_graph = irg;

	obstack_init(&env.obst);
	env.spare_size = spare_size;

	assure_irg_outs(irg);

	irg_block_walk_graph(irg, find_cond_nodes, NULL, &env);

	if(env.changed) {
		/* control flow changed */
		set_irg_outs_inconsistent(irg);
		set_irg_doms_inconsistent(irg);
		set_irg_extblk_inconsistent(irg);
		set_irg_loopinfo_inconsistent(irg);
	}

	obstack_free(&env.obst, NULL);
	current_ir_graph = rem;
}