ia32_emitter.c 96.6 KB
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/*
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 * Copyright (C) 1995-2011 University of Karlsruhe.  All right reserved.
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 *
 * This file is part of libFirm.
 *
 * This file may be distributed and/or modified under the terms of the
 * GNU General Public License version 2 as published by the Free Software
 * Foundation and appearing in the file LICENSE.GPL included in the
 * packaging of this file.
 *
 * Licensees holding valid libFirm Professional Edition licenses may use
 * this file in accordance with the libFirm Commercial License.
 * Agreement provided with the Software.
 *
 * This file is provided AS IS with NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, INCLUDING THE
 * WARRANTY OF DESIGN, MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
 * PURPOSE.
 */

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/**
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 * @file
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 * @brief       This file implements the ia32 node emitter.
 * @author      Christian Wuerdig, Matthias Braun
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 *
 * Summary table for x86 floatingpoint compares:
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 * (remember effect of unordered on x86: ZF=1, PF=1, CF=1)
 *
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 *   pnc_Eq  => !P && E
 *   pnc_Lt  => !P && B
 *   pnc_Le  => !P && BE
 *   pnc_Gt  => A
 *   pnc_Ge  => AE
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 *   pnc_Lg  => NE
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 *   pnc_Leg => NP  (ordered)
 *   pnc_Uo  => P
 *   pnc_Ue  => E
 *   pnc_Ul  => B
 *   pnc_Ule => BE
 *   pnc_Ug  => P || A
 *   pnc_Uge => P || AE
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 *   pnc_Ne  => P || NE
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 */
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#include "config.h"
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#include <limits.h>

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#include "xmalloc.h"
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#include "tv.h"
#include "iredges.h"
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#include "debug.h"
#include "irgwalk.h"
#include "irprintf.h"
#include "irop_t.h"
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#include "irargs_t.h"
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#include "irprog_t.h"
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#include "iredges_t.h"
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#include "irtools.h"
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#include "execfreq.h"
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#include "error.h"
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#include "raw_bitset.h"
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#include "dbginfo.h"
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#include "lc_opts.h"
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#include "ircons.h"
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#include "besched.h"
#include "benode.h"
#include "beabi.h"
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#include "bedwarf.h"
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#include "beemitter.h"
#include "begnuas.h"
#include "beirg.h"
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#include "ia32_emitter.h"
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#include "ia32_common_transform.h"
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#include "gen_ia32_emitter.h"
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#include "gen_ia32_regalloc_if.h"
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#include "ia32_nodes_attr.h"
#include "ia32_new_nodes.h"
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#include "ia32_architecture.h"
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#include "bearch_ia32_t.h"
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DEBUG_ONLY(static firm_dbg_module_t *dbg = NULL;)

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static const ia32_isa_t *isa;
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static char              pic_base_label[128];
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static ir_label_t        exc_label_id;
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static int               mark_spill_reload = 0;
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static int               do_pic;
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static bool              sp_relative;
static int               frame_type_size;
static int               callframe_offset;

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/** Return the next block in Block schedule */
static ir_node *get_prev_block_sched(const ir_node *block)
{
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	return (ir_node*)get_irn_link(block);
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}

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/** Checks if the current block is a fall-through target. */
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static int is_fallthrough(const ir_node *cfgpred)
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{
	ir_node *pred;

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	if (!is_Proj(cfgpred))
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		return 1;
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	pred = get_Proj_pred(cfgpred);
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	if (is_ia32_SwitchJmp(pred))
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		return 0;
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	return 1;
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}

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/**
 * returns non-zero if the given block needs a label
 * because of being a jump-target (and not a fall-through)
 */
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static int block_needs_label(const ir_node *block)
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{
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	int need_label = 1;
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	int  n_cfgpreds = get_Block_n_cfgpreds(block);

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	if (get_Block_entity(block) != NULL)
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		return 1;

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	if (n_cfgpreds == 0) {
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		need_label = 0;
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	} else if (n_cfgpreds == 1) {
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		ir_node *cfgpred       = get_Block_cfgpred(block, 0);
		ir_node *cfgpred_block = get_nodes_block(cfgpred);
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		if (get_prev_block_sched(block) == cfgpred_block
				&& is_fallthrough(cfgpred)) {
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			need_label = 0;
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		}
	}

	return need_label;
}

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/**
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 * Add a number to a prefix. This number will not be used a second time.
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 */
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static char *get_unique_label(char *buf, size_t buflen, const char *prefix)
{
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	static unsigned long id = 0;
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	snprintf(buf, buflen, "%s%s%lu", be_gas_get_private_prefix(), prefix, ++id);
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	return buf;
}

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/**
 * Emit the name of the 8bit low register
 */
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static void emit_8bit_register(const arch_register_t *reg)
{
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	const char *reg_name = arch_register_get_name(reg);
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	assert(reg->index == REG_GP_EAX || reg->index == REG_GP_EBX
			|| reg->index == REG_GP_ECX || reg->index == REG_GP_EDX);
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	be_emit_char('%');
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	be_emit_char(reg_name[1]); /* get the basic name of the register */
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	be_emit_char('l');
}

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/**
 * Emit the name of the 8bit high register
 */
static void emit_8bit_register_high(const arch_register_t *reg)
{
	const char *reg_name = arch_register_get_name(reg);
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	assert(reg->index == REG_GP_EAX || reg->index == REG_GP_EBX
			|| reg->index == REG_GP_ECX || reg->index == REG_GP_EDX);
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	be_emit_char('%');
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	be_emit_char(reg_name[1]); /* get the basic name of the register */
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	be_emit_char('h');
}

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static void emit_16bit_register(const arch_register_t *reg)
{
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	const char *reg_name = arch_register_get_name(reg);
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	be_emit_char('%');
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	be_emit_string(reg_name+1); /* skip the 'e' prefix of the 32bit names */
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}

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/**
 * emit a register, possible shortened by a mode
 *
 * @param reg   the register
 * @param mode  the mode of the register or NULL for full register
 */
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static void emit_register(const arch_register_t *reg, const ir_mode *mode)
{
	const char *reg_name;

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	if (mode != NULL) {
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		int size = get_mode_size_bits(mode);
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		switch (size) {
			case  8: emit_8bit_register(reg);  return;
			case 16: emit_16bit_register(reg); return;
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		}
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		assert(mode_is_float(mode) || size == 32);
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	}

	reg_name = arch_register_get_name(reg);
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	be_emit_char('%');
	be_emit_string(reg_name);
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}

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static void ia32_emit_entity(ir_entity *entity, int no_pic_adjust)
{
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	be_gas_emit_entity(entity);
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	if (get_entity_owner(entity) == get_tls_type()) {
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		if (!entity_has_definition(entity)) {
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			be_emit_cstring("@INDNTPOFF");
		} else {
			be_emit_cstring("@NTPOFF");
		}
	}

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	if (do_pic && !no_pic_adjust) {
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		be_emit_char('-');
		be_emit_string(pic_base_label);
	}
}

static void emit_ia32_Immediate_no_prefix(const ir_node *node)
{
	const ia32_immediate_attr_t *attr = get_ia32_immediate_attr_const(node);

	if (attr->symconst != NULL) {
		if (attr->sc_sign)
			be_emit_char('-');
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		ia32_emit_entity(attr->symconst, attr->no_pic_adjust);
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	}
	if (attr->symconst == NULL || attr->offset != 0) {
		if (attr->symconst != NULL) {
			be_emit_irprintf("%+d", attr->offset);
		} else {
			be_emit_irprintf("0x%X", attr->offset);
		}
	}
}

static void emit_ia32_Immediate(const ir_node *node)
{
	be_emit_char('$');
	emit_ia32_Immediate_no_prefix(node);
}
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static void ia32_emit_mode_suffix_mode(const ir_mode *mode)
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{
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	assert(mode_is_int(mode) || mode_is_reference(mode));
	switch (get_mode_size_bits(mode)) {
		case 8:  be_emit_char('b');     return;
		case 16: be_emit_char('w');     return;
		case 32: be_emit_char('l');     return;
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		/* gas docu says q is the suffix but gcc, objdump and icc use ll
		 * apparently */
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		case 64: be_emit_cstring("ll"); return;
	}
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	panic("Can't output mode_suffix for %+F", mode);
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}

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static void ia32_emit_x87_mode_suffix(ir_node const *const node)
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{
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	ir_mode *mode;

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	/* we only need to emit the mode on address mode */
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	if (get_ia32_op_type(node) == ia32_Normal)
		return;

	mode = get_ia32_ls_mode(node);
	assert(mode != NULL);

	if (mode_is_float(mode)) {
		switch (get_mode_size_bits(mode)) {
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			case  32: be_emit_char('s'); return;
			case  64: be_emit_char('l'); return;
			/* long doubles have different sizes due to alignment on different
			 * platforms. */
			case  80:
			case  96:
			case 128: be_emit_char('t'); return;
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		}
	} else {
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		assert(mode_is_int(mode) || mode_is_reference(mode));
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		switch (get_mode_size_bits(mode)) {
			case 16: be_emit_char('s');     return;
			case 32: be_emit_char('l');     return;
			/* gas docu says q is the suffix but gcc, objdump and icc use ll
			 * apparently */
			case 64: be_emit_cstring("ll"); return;
		}
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	}
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	panic("Can't output mode_suffix for %+F", mode);
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}

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static char get_xmm_mode_suffix(ir_mode *mode)
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{
	assert(mode_is_float(mode));
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	switch (get_mode_size_bits(mode)) {
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	case 32: return 's';
	case 64: return 'd';
	default: panic("Invalid XMM mode");
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	}
}

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static void ia32_emit_xmm_mode_suffix(ir_node const *const node)
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{
	ir_mode *mode = get_ia32_ls_mode(node);
	assert(mode != NULL);
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	be_emit_char(get_xmm_mode_suffix(mode));
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}

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/**
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 * Returns the target block for a control flow node.
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 */
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static ir_node *get_cfop_target_block(const ir_node *irn)
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{
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	assert(get_irn_mode(irn) == mode_X);
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	return (ir_node*)get_irn_link(irn);
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}
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/**
 * Emits the target label for a control flow node.
 */
static void ia32_emit_cfop_target(const ir_node *node)
{
	ir_node *block = get_cfop_target_block(node);
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	be_gas_emit_block_name(block);
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}

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/**
 * Emit the suffix for a compare instruction.
 */
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static void ia32_emit_condition_code(ia32_condition_code_t cc)
{
	switch (cc) {
	case ia32_cc_overflow:      be_emit_cstring("o");  return;
	case ia32_cc_not_overflow:  be_emit_cstring("no"); return;
	case ia32_cc_float_below:
	case ia32_cc_float_unordered_below:
	case ia32_cc_below:         be_emit_cstring("b");  return;
	case ia32_cc_float_above_equal:
	case ia32_cc_float_unordered_above_equal:
	case ia32_cc_above_equal:   be_emit_cstring("ae"); return;
	case ia32_cc_float_equal:
	case ia32_cc_equal:         be_emit_cstring("e");  return;
	case ia32_cc_float_not_equal:
	case ia32_cc_not_equal:     be_emit_cstring("ne"); return;
	case ia32_cc_float_below_equal:
	case ia32_cc_float_unordered_below_equal:
	case ia32_cc_below_equal:   be_emit_cstring("be"); return;
	case ia32_cc_float_above:
	case ia32_cc_float_unordered_above:
	case ia32_cc_above:         be_emit_cstring("a");  return;
	case ia32_cc_sign:          be_emit_cstring("s");  return;
	case ia32_cc_not_sign:      be_emit_cstring("ns"); return;
	case ia32_cc_parity:        be_emit_cstring("p");  return;
	case ia32_cc_not_parity:    be_emit_cstring("np"); return;
	case ia32_cc_less:          be_emit_cstring("l");  return;
	case ia32_cc_greater_equal: be_emit_cstring("ge"); return;
	case ia32_cc_less_equal:    be_emit_cstring("le"); return;
	case ia32_cc_greater:       be_emit_cstring("g");  return;
	case ia32_cc_float_parity_cases:
	case ia32_cc_additional_float_cases:
		break;
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	}
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	panic("Invalid ia32 condition code");
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}

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typedef enum ia32_emit_mod_t {
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	EMIT_NONE         = 0,
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	EMIT_RESPECT_LS   = 1U << 0,
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	EMIT_ALTERNATE_AM = 1U << 1,
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	EMIT_LONG         = 1U << 2,
	EMIT_HIGH_REG     = 1U << 3,
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	EMIT_LOW_REG      = 1U << 4,
	EMIT_16BIT_REG    = 1U << 5
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} ia32_emit_mod_t;
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ENUM_BITSET(ia32_emit_mod_t)
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/**
 * Emits address mode.
 */
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static void ia32_emit_am(ir_node const *const node)
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{
	ir_entity *ent       = get_ia32_am_sc(node);
	int        offs      = get_ia32_am_offs_int(node);
	ir_node   *base      = get_irn_n(node, n_ia32_base);
	int        has_base  = !is_ia32_NoReg_GP(base);
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	ir_node   *idx       = get_irn_n(node, n_ia32_index);
	int        has_index = !is_ia32_NoReg_GP(idx);
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	/* just to be sure... */
	assert(!is_ia32_use_frame(node) || get_ia32_frame_ent(node) != NULL);

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	if (get_ia32_am_tls_segment(node))
		be_emit_cstring("%gs:");

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	/* emit offset */
	if (ent != NULL) {
		const ia32_attr_t *attr = get_ia32_attr_const(node);
		if (is_ia32_am_sc_sign(node))
			be_emit_char('-');
		ia32_emit_entity(ent, attr->data.am_sc_no_pic_adjust);
	}

	/* also handle special case if nothing is set */
	if (offs != 0 || (ent == NULL && !has_base && !has_index)) {
		if (ent != NULL) {
			be_emit_irprintf("%+d", offs);
		} else {
			be_emit_irprintf("%d", offs);
		}
	}

	if (has_base || has_index) {
		be_emit_char('(');

		/* emit base */
		if (has_base) {
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			const arch_register_t *reg = arch_get_irn_register_in(node, n_ia32_base);
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			emit_register(reg, NULL);
		}

		/* emit index + scale */
		if (has_index) {
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			const arch_register_t *reg = arch_get_irn_register_in(node, n_ia32_index);
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			int scale;
			be_emit_char(',');
			emit_register(reg, NULL);

			scale = get_ia32_am_scale(node);
			if (scale > 0) {
				be_emit_irprintf(",%d", 1 << scale);
			}
		}
		be_emit_char(')');
	}
}

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static ia32_condition_code_t determine_final_cc(ir_node const *node, int flags_pos, ia32_condition_code_t cc);

void ia32_emitf(ir_node const *const node, char const *fmt, ...)
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{
	va_list ap;
	va_start(ap, fmt);

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	be_emit_char('\t');
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	for (;;) {
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		const char      *start = fmt;
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		ia32_emit_mod_t  mod   = EMIT_NONE;
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		while (*fmt != '%' && *fmt != '\n' && *fmt != '\0')
			++fmt;
		if (fmt != start) {
			be_emit_string_len(start, fmt - start);
		}

		if (*fmt == '\n') {
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			be_emit_char('\n');
			be_emit_write_line();
			be_emit_char('\t');
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			++fmt;
			if (*fmt == '\0')
				break;
			continue;
		}

		if (*fmt == '\0')
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			break;
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		++fmt;
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		for (;;) {
			switch (*fmt) {
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			case '*': mod |= EMIT_ALTERNATE_AM; break;
			case '#': mod |= EMIT_RESPECT_LS;   break;
			case 'l': mod |= EMIT_LONG;         break;
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			case '>': mod |= EMIT_HIGH_REG;     break;
			case '<': mod |= EMIT_LOW_REG;      break;
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			case '^': mod |= EMIT_16BIT_REG;    break;
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			default:
				goto end_of_mods;
			}
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			++fmt;
		}
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end_of_mods:
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		switch (*fmt++) {
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			arch_register_t const *reg;
			ir_node         const *imm;

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			case '%':
				be_emit_char('%');
				break;

			case 'A': {
				switch (*fmt++) {
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					case 'F':
						if (get_ia32_op_type(node) == ia32_AddrModeS) {
							goto emit_AM;
						} else {
							assert(get_ia32_op_type(node) == ia32_Normal);
							ia32_x87_attr_t const *const x87_attr = get_ia32_x87_attr_const(node);
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							arch_register_t const *const out      = x87_attr->x87[2];
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							arch_register_t const *      in       = x87_attr->x87[1];
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							if (out == in)
								in = x87_attr->x87[0];
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							be_emit_irprintf("%%%s, %%%s", arch_register_get_name(in), arch_register_get_name(out));
							break;
						}

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emit_AM:
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					case 'M':
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						if (mod & EMIT_ALTERNATE_AM)
							be_emit_char('*');
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						ia32_emit_am(node);
						break;

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					case 'R':
						reg = va_arg(ap, const arch_register_t*);
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						if (get_ia32_op_type(node) == ia32_AddrModeS) {
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							goto emit_AM;
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						} else {
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							goto emit_R;
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						}

					case 'S':
						if (get_ia32_op_type(node) == ia32_AddrModeS) {
							++fmt;
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							goto emit_AM;
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						} else {
							assert(get_ia32_op_type(node) == ia32_Normal);
							goto emit_S;
						}

					default: goto unknown;
				}
				break;
			}

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			case 'B':
				imm = get_irn_n(node, n_ia32_binary_right);
				if (is_ia32_Immediate(imm)) {
					emit_ia32_Immediate(imm);
					be_emit_cstring(", ");
					if (get_ia32_op_type(node) == ia32_AddrModeS) {
						ia32_emit_am(node);
					} else {
						assert(get_ia32_op_type(node) == ia32_Normal);
						reg = arch_get_irn_register_in(node, n_ia32_binary_left);
						emit_register(reg, get_ia32_ls_mode(node));
					}
				} else {
					if (get_ia32_op_type(node) == ia32_AddrModeS) {
						ia32_emit_am(node);
					} else {
						assert(get_ia32_op_type(node) == ia32_Normal);
						reg = arch_get_irn_register_in(node, n_ia32_binary_right);
						emit_register(reg, get_ia32_ls_mode(node));
					}
					be_emit_cstring(", ");
					reg = arch_get_irn_register_in(node, n_ia32_binary_left);
					emit_register(reg, get_ia32_ls_mode(node));
				}
				break;

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			case 'D':
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				if (*fmt < '0' || '9' < *fmt)
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					goto unknown;
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				reg = arch_get_irn_register_out(node, *fmt++ - '0');
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				goto emit_R;
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			case 'F':
				if (*fmt == 'M') {
					++fmt;
					ia32_emit_x87_mode_suffix(node);
				} else if (*fmt == 'X') {
					++fmt;
					ia32_emit_xmm_mode_suffix(node);
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				} else if ('0' <= *fmt && *fmt <= '2') {
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					const ia32_x87_attr_t *attr = get_ia32_x87_attr_const(node);
					be_emit_char('%');
					be_emit_string(attr->x87[*fmt++ - '0']->name);
				} else {
					goto unknown;
				}
				break;

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			case 'I':
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				imm = node;
emit_I:
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				if (!(mod & EMIT_ALTERNATE_AM))
					be_emit_char('$');
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				emit_ia32_Immediate_no_prefix(imm);
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				break;

			case 'L':
				ia32_emit_cfop_target(node);
				break;

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			case 'M': {
				ir_mode *mode = get_ia32_ls_mode(node);
				if (!mode)
					mode = mode_Iu;
				if (mod & EMIT_RESPECT_LS) {
					if (get_mode_size_bits(mode) == 32)
						break;
					be_emit_char(mode_is_signed(mode) ? 's' : 'z');
				}
				ia32_emit_mode_suffix_mode(mode);
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				break;
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			}
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			case 'P': {
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				ia32_condition_code_t cc;
				if (*fmt == 'X') {
					++fmt;
					cc = (ia32_condition_code_t)va_arg(ap, int);
				} else if ('0' <= *fmt && *fmt <= '9') {
					cc = get_ia32_condcode(node);
					cc = determine_final_cc(node, *fmt - '0', cc);
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					++fmt;
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				} else {
					goto unknown;
				}
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				ia32_emit_condition_code(cc);
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				break;
			}

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			case 'R':
				reg = va_arg(ap, const arch_register_t*);
emit_R:
				if (mod & EMIT_ALTERNATE_AM)
					be_emit_char('*');
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				if (mod & EMIT_HIGH_REG) {
					emit_8bit_register_high(reg);
				} else if (mod & EMIT_LOW_REG) {
					emit_8bit_register(reg);
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				} else if (mod & EMIT_16BIT_REG) {
					emit_16bit_register(reg);
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				} else {
					emit_register(reg, mod & EMIT_RESPECT_LS ? get_ia32_ls_mode(node) : NULL);
				}
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				break;

emit_S:
			case 'S': {
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				unsigned pos;
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				if (*fmt < '0' || '9' < *fmt)
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					goto unknown;

				pos = *fmt++ - '0';
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				imm = get_irn_n(node, pos);
				if (is_ia32_Immediate(imm)) {
					goto emit_I;
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				} else {
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					reg = arch_get_irn_register_in(node, pos);
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					goto emit_R;
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				}
			}

			case 's': {
				const char *str = va_arg(ap, const char*);
				be_emit_string(str);
				break;
			}

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			case 'u':
				if (mod & EMIT_LONG) {
					unsigned long num = va_arg(ap, unsigned long);
					be_emit_irprintf("%lu", num);
				} else {
					unsigned num = va_arg(ap, unsigned);
					be_emit_irprintf("%u", num);
				}
				break;

			case 'd':
				if (mod & EMIT_LONG) {
					long num = va_arg(ap, long);
					be_emit_irprintf("%ld", num);
				} else {
					int num = va_arg(ap, int);
					be_emit_irprintf("%d", num);
				}
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				break;

			default:
unknown:
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				panic("unknown format conversion");
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		}
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	}

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	be_emit_finish_line_gas(node);
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	va_end(ap);
}

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static void emit_ia32_IMul(const ir_node *node)
{
	ir_node               *left    = get_irn_n(node, n_ia32_IMul_left);
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	const arch_register_t *out_reg = arch_get_irn_register_out(node, pn_ia32_IMul_res);
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	/* do we need the 3-address form? */
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	if (is_ia32_NoReg_GP(left) ||
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			arch_get_irn_register_in(node, n_ia32_IMul_left) != out_reg) {
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		ia32_emitf(node, "imul%M %#S4, %#AS3, %#D0");
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	} else {
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		ia32_emitf(node, "imul%M %#AS4, %#S3");
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	}
}

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/**
 * walks up a tree of copies/perms/spills/reloads to find the original value
 * that is moved around
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 */
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static ir_node *find_original_value(ir_node *node)
{
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	if (irn_visited(node))
		return NULL;

	mark_irn_visited(node);
	if (be_is_Copy(node)) {
		return find_original_value(be_get_Copy_op(node));
	} else if (be_is_CopyKeep(node)) {
		return find_original_value(be_get_CopyKeep_op(node));
	} else if (is_Proj(node)) {
		ir_node *pred = get_Proj_pred(node);
		if (be_is_Perm(pred)) {
			return find_original_value(get_irn_n(pred, get_Proj_proj(node)));
		} else if (be_is_MemPerm(pred)) {
			return find_original_value(get_irn_n(pred, get_Proj_proj(node) + 1));
		} else if (is_ia32_Load(pred)) {
			return find_original_value(get_irn_n(pred, n_ia32_Load_mem));
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		} else if (is_ia32_Store(pred)) {
			return find_original_value(get_irn_n(pred, n_ia32_Store_val));
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		} else {
			return node;
		}
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	} else if (is_Phi(node)) {
		int i, arity;
		arity = get_irn_arity(node);
		for (i = 0; i < arity; ++i) {
			ir_node *in  = get_irn_n(node, i);
			ir_node *res = find_original_value(in);

			if (res != NULL)
				return res;
		}
		return NULL;
	} else {
		return node;
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	}
}

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static ia32_condition_code_t determine_final_cc(const ir_node *node,
		int flags_pos, ia32_condition_code_t cc)
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{
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	ir_node           *flags = get_irn_n(node, flags_pos);
	const ia32_attr_t *flags_attr;
	flags = skip_Proj(flags);

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	if (is_ia32_Sahf(flags)) {
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		ir_node *cmp = get_irn_n(flags, n_ia32_Sahf_val);
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		if (!(is_ia32_FucomFnstsw(cmp) || is_ia32_FucompFnstsw(cmp)
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				|| is_ia32_FucomppFnstsw(cmp) || is_ia32_FtstFnstsw(cmp))) {
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			inc_irg_visited(current_ir_graph);
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			cmp = find_original_value(cmp);
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			assert(cmp != NULL);
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			assert(is_ia32_FucomFnstsw(cmp) || is_ia32_FucompFnstsw(cmp)
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			       || is_ia32_FucomppFnstsw(cmp) || is_ia32_FtstFnstsw(cmp));
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		}
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		flags_attr = get_ia32_attr_const(cmp);
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	} else {
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		flags_attr = get_ia32_attr_const(flags);
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	}
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	if (flags_attr->data.ins_permuted)
		cc = ia32_invert_condition_code(cc);
	return cc;
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}

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/**
 * Emits an exception label for a given node.
 */
static void ia32_emit_exc_label(const ir_node *node)
{
	be_emit_string(be_gas_insn_label_prefix());
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	be_emit_irprintf("%lu", get_ia32_exc_label_id(node));
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}

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/**
 * Returns the Proj with projection number proj and NOT mode_M
 */
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static ir_node *get_proj(const ir_node *node, long proj)
{
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	ir_node *src;
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	assert(get_irn_mode(node) == mode_T && "expected mode_T node");
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	foreach_out_edge(node, edge) {
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		src = get_edge_src_irn(edge);

		assert(is_Proj(src) && "Proj expected");
		if (get_irn_mode(src) == mode_M)
			continue;

		if (get_Proj_proj(src) == proj)
			return src;
	}
	return NULL;
}

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static int can_be_fallthrough(const ir_node *node)
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{
	ir_node *target_block = get_cfop_target_block(node);
	ir_node *block        = get_nodes_block(node);
	return get_prev_block_sched(target_block) == block;
}

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/**
 * Emits the jump sequence for a conditional jump (cmp + jmp_true + jmp_false)
 */
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static void emit_ia32_Jcc(const ir_node *node)
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{
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	int                   need_parity_label = 0;
	ia32_condition_code_t cc                = get_ia32_condcode(node);
	const ir_node        *proj_true;
	const ir_node        *proj_false;
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	cc = determine_final_cc(node, 0, cc);
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	/* get both Projs */
	proj_true = get_proj(node, pn_ia32_Jcc_true);
	assert(proj_true && "Jcc without true Proj");
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	proj_false = get_proj(node, pn_ia32_Jcc_false);
	assert(proj_false && "Jcc without false Proj");
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	if (can_be_fallthrough(proj_true)) {
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		/* exchange both proj's so the second one can be omitted */
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		const ir_node *t = proj_true;

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		proj_true  = proj_false;
		proj_false = t;
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		cc         = ia32_negate_condition_code(cc);
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	}

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	if (cc & ia32_cc_float_parity_cases) {
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		/* Some floating point comparisons require a test of the parity flag,
		 * which indicates that the result is unordered */
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		if (cc & ia32_cc_negated) {
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			ia32_emitf(proj_true, "jp %L");
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		} else {
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			/* we need a local label if the false proj is a fallthrough
			 * as the falseblock might have no label emitted then */
			if (can_be_fallthrough(proj_false)) {
				need_parity_label = 1;
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				ia32_emitf(proj_false, "jp 1f");
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			} else {
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				ia32_emitf(proj_false, "jp %L");
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			}
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		}
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	}
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	ia32_emitf(proj_true, "j%PX %L", (int)cc);
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	if (need_parity_label) {
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		be_emit_cstring("1:\n");
		be_emit_write_line();
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	}

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	/* the second Proj might be a fallthrough */
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	if (can_be_fallthrough(proj_false)) {
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		if (be_options.verbose_asm)
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			ia32_emitf(proj_false, "/* fallthrough to %L */");
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	} else {
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		ia32_emitf(proj_false, "jmp %L");
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	}
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}

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/**
 * Emits an ia32 Setcc. This is mostly easy but some floating point compares
 * are tricky.
 */
static void emit_ia32_Setcc(const ir_node *node)
{
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	const arch_register_t *dreg = arch_get_irn_register_out(node, pn_ia32_Setcc_res);
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	ia32_condition_code_t cc = get_ia32_condcode(node);
	cc = determine_final_cc(node, n_ia32_Setcc_eflags, cc);
	if (cc & ia32_cc_float_parity_cases) {
		if (cc & ia32_cc_negated) {
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			ia32_emitf(node, "set%PX %<R", (int)cc, dreg);
			ia32_emitf(node, "setp %>R", dreg);
			ia32_emitf(node, "orb %>R, %<R", dreg, dreg);
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		} else {
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			ia32_emitf(node, "set%PX %<R", (int)cc, dreg);
			ia32_emitf(node, "setnp %>R", dreg);
			ia32_emitf(node, "andb %>R, %<R", dreg, dreg);
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		}
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	} else {
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		ia32_emitf(node, "set%PX %#R", (int)cc, dreg);
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	}
}

static void emit_ia32_CMovcc(const ir_node *node)
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{
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	const ia32_attr_t     *attr = get_ia32_attr_const(node);
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	const arch_register_t *out  = arch_get_irn_register_out(node, pn_ia32_res);
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	ia32_condition_code_t  cc   = get_ia32_condcode(node);
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	const arch_register_t *in_true;
	const arch_register_t *in_false;

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	cc = determine_final_cc(node, n_ia32_CMovcc_eflags, cc);
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	/* although you can't set ins_permuted in the constructor it might still
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	 * be set by memory operand folding
	 * Permuting inputs of a cmov means the condition is negated!
	 */
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	if (attr->data.ins_permuted)
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		cc = ia32_negate_condition_code(cc);
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	in_true  = arch_get_irn_register(get_irn_n(node, n_ia32_CMovcc_val_true));
	in_false = arch_get_irn_register(get_irn_n(node, n_ia32_CMovcc_val_false));
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	/* should be same constraint fullfilled? */
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	if (out == in_false) {
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		/* yes -> nothing to do */
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	} else if (out == in_true) {
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		const arch_register_t *tmp;

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		assert(get_ia32_op_type(node) == ia32_Normal);

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		cc = ia32_negate_condition_code(cc);
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		tmp      = in_true;
		in_true  = in_false;
		in_false = tmp;
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	} else {
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		/* we need a mov */
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		ia32_emitf(node, "movl %R, %R", in_false, out);
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	}
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	if (cc & ia32_cc_float_parity_cases) {
		panic("CMov with floatingpoint compare/parity not supported yet");
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	}
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	ia32_emitf(node, "cmov%PX %#AR, %#R", (int)cc, in_true, out);
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}

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/**
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 * Emits code for a SwitchJmp
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 */
static void emit_ia32_SwitchJmp(const ir_node *node)
{
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	ir_entity             *jump_table = get_ia32_am_sc(node);
	const ir_switch_table *table      = get_ia32_switch_table(node);
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	ia32_emitf(node, "jmp %*AM");
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	be_emit_jump_table(node, table, jump_table, get_cfop_target_block);
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}

/**
 * Emits code for a unconditional jump.
 */
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static void emit_ia32_Jmp(const ir_node *node)
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{
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	/* we have a block schedule */
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	if (can_be_fallthrough(node)) {
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		if (be_options.verbose_asm)
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			ia32_emitf(node, "/* fallthrough to %L */");
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	} else {
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		ia32_emitf(node, "jmp %L");
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	}
}

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/**
 * Emit an inline assembler operand.
 *
 * @param node  the ia32_ASM node
 * @param s     points to the operand (a %c)
 *
 * @return  pointer to the first char in s NOT in the current operand
 */
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static const char* emit_asm_operand(const ir_node *node, const char *s)
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{
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	const ia32_attr_t     *ia32_attr = get_ia32_attr_const(node);
	const ia32_asm_attr_t *attr      = CONST_CAST_IA32_ATTR(ia32_asm_attr_t,
                                                            ia32_attr);
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	const arch_register_t *reg;
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	const ia32_asm_reg_t  *asm_regs = attr->register_map;
	const ia32_asm_reg_t  *asm_reg;